How many people have the PKK killed?

How many people have the PKK killed?

The PKK, established by Abdullah Ocalan in 1978, has waged an insurgency since 1984 against Turkish authorities for greater cultural and political rights, primarily with the objective of establishing an independent Kurdish state. The ongoing conflict has resulted in nearly forty thousand deaths.

Why are the Kurds and Turkey fighting?

The Kurdish–Turkish conflict is an armed conflict between the Republic of Turkey and various Kurdish insurgent groups who have either demanded separation from Turkey to create an independent Kurdistan, or attempted to secure autonomy and greater political and cultural rights for Kurds inside the Republic of Turkey.

How many Turkish soldiers killed by PKK?

The PKK said 1,557 Turkish security forces members were killed in 2015 during the clashes in Turkish and Iraqi Kurdistan, while it lost 220 fighters.

Timeline of the Kurdish–Turkish conflict (2015–present)

Date 24 July 2015 – present (7 years, 1 month, 3 weeks and 3 days)
Location Eastern and Southeastern Turkey, Northern Syria, Northern Iraq
Status Ongoing

What did Turkey do to Kurds?

During the Kurdish–Turkish conflict, food embargoes were placed on Kurdish villages and towns. There were many instances of Kurds being forcibly expelled from their villages by Turkish security forces. Many villages were reportedly set on fire or destroyed.

What does the PKK want?

PKK’s ideology is founded on revolutionary Marxism-Leninism and separatist ethno-nationalism. PKK wants to suppress the diversity of Turkey, prevent participation and integration of Turkey’s citizens of Kurdish origin and intimidate the people in the region.

Does Russia support Kurds?

After the Cold War, Russia established ties with the newly founded autonomous Kurdistan Region and relations are described as ambivalent and contradictory but Moscow has been sympathetic to the Kurdistan independence movement for decades which also included military support for the Kurds.

How many Kurdish civilians has Turkey killed?

According to the International Crisis Group, 4,226 people, including 465 civilians, were killed in Turkey between July 2015 and December 2018, including Kurdish lawyer Tahir Elçi.

Who is PKK fighting?

In July 2015, a two-and-a-half year long ceasefire broke down, and the almost four-decade long conflict between Turkish security forces and militants of the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) – recognised as a terrorist organisation by Turkey, the U.S. and the EU – entered one of its deadliest chapters in nearly four …

Is it illegal to speak Kurdish in Turkey?

Currently, it is illegal to use the Kurdish language as an instruction language in private and public schools, yet there are schools who defy this ban.

Is Kurdistan a real country?

Iraqi Kurdistan first gained autonomous status in a 1970 agreement with the Iraqi government, and its status was re-confirmed as the autonomous Kurdistan Region within the federal Iraqi republic in 2005. There is also a Kurdistan Province in Iran, but it is not self-ruled.

What has PKK done?

The PKK has continued to conduct terrorist attacks, including attacks targeting local civilians, foreigners and tourist areas. Examples of this include the three near-simultaneous bombings in the tourist resort area of Marmaris in August 2006 and a suicide bombing in a shopping area of Ankara in May 2007.

Does Iran support Kurds?

Iran never employed the same level of brutality against its own Kurdish population, but has always been staunchly opposed to Kurdish separatism.

How many Kurds live in Germany?


Country Official figures or estimates Official figures in %
Germany 500,000 (1993 KIP estimate) 850,000 (2016 KIP estimate)
France 60,000 (1993 KIP estimate) 230,000 (2016 KIP estimate)
Netherlands 30,000 (1993 KIP estimate) 100,000 (2016 KIP estimate)
Sweden 15,000 (1993 KIP estimate) 85,000 (2016 KIP estimate)

Is speaking Kurdish illegal in Turkey?

Does the US support Kurdistan?

Currently the United States has official policy towards the Kurdistan Regional Government of Iraq.

Is Kurdish hard to learn?

Learning Kurdish can be hard in terms of grammar and learning resources, especially if you don’t speak any middle-eastern language. The Kurmanji dialect can be easier for speakers of European languages because it uses the Latin alphabet, while the Surani dialect uses the Arabic script.

Is Kurdish Shia or Sunni?

Nearly all Iraqi Kurds consider themselves Sunni Muslims. In our survey, 98% of Kurds in Iraq identified themselves as Sunnis and only 2% identified as Shias. (A small minority of Iraqi Kurds, including Yazidis, are not Muslims.)

Who is the most famous Kurd in the world?

Saladin Ayyubi

The most successful Kurdish leader in this era is Saladin (r. 1174 to 1193), also known as Saladin Ayyubi, who was the founder of the Ayyubid dynasty.

Are Kurds gypsies?

Gypsies appear as a minority of both Turks and Kurds with regard to the ‘size’ of their population. 11 But Kurds and Gypsies are not officially recognized as minority groups since, according to the Lausanne Treaty, signed in 1923, there are officially only three minority groups in Turkey: Armenians, Jews and Greeks.

Who is Kurdistan at war with?

The Iraqi–Kurdish conflict consists of a series of wars and rebellions by the Kurds against the central authority of Iraq during the 20th century, which began shortly after the defeat of the Ottoman Empire in World War I and lasting until the U.S. invasion of Iraq in 2003.

Does the US recognize Kurdistan?

Are Kurdish Shia?

The majority of Kurdish Muslims across Turkish, Syrian and Iraqi Kurdistan are Sunni Muslims, while the Kurds who practice Shiite Islam are prevalent mainly in Iran.

How many Kurds are in USA?

between 15,000 and 20,000 people
More recent accounts estimate the total Kurdish population in the US at around 15,361. Other sources claim that the number of ethnic Kurds in the United States is between 15,000 and 20,000 people. The city of Nashville, Tennessee includes the largest Kurdish population in the United States.

How many Kurds live in France?

around 240,000 people
There is a large Kurdish community in France, numbering around 240,000 people. This makes the Kurdish community in France the second largest Kurdish community in the Kurdish diaspora, after Kurds in Germany.

What country has the most Kurds?

Autochthonous community

Country Official figures or estimates Further information
Turkey 13,200,000 (1993 MRGI estimate) 14,700,000 (2017 CFR estimate) Kurds in Turkey
Iran 6,100,000 (1993 MRGI estimate) 8,100,000 (2017 CFR estimate) Kurds in Iran
Iraq 4,400,000 (1993 MRGI estimate) 5,450,000 (2015 EPRS estimate) Kurds in Iraq